In an important review of the research, researchers looked at the past forty years of research comparing organing farming to conventional farming. They compared them on the National Academy of Science's four goals of sustainability: productivity, environmental impact, economics and social well being. And the winner is. . . .



When all the research was put together, the clear winner was organic farming.

In terms of productivity, organic farming yields only 10-20% less. But not always. As global warming intensifies, conditions of drought, like the ones being witnessed in California, are increasing. And in drought conditions, organinc farming can produce higher crop yields because organic soil holds more water.

Oranic farming is the clear winner on environmental impact. Organic farming is more environmentally friendly. It supports greater biodiversity, creates less water pollution and green house gases and is more energy efficient. Organic soil also holds in more carbon.

Economically, the research concluded that organic farming is also more profitable.

And organic farming is also the winner for social well-being. Organic farming is better for social well-being in two ways: it causes less exposure to harmful chemicals for both farmers and communities, and it produces more nutritious food with less pesticide residue.

So, in all all four catagories, organic farming is superior to conventional farming. It is better for you, better for the planet and better for the economy.

Nature Plants 2016;2:doi:10.1038/nplants.2015.221


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